A little less then half of the land in Italy is used for farming.
Most farms in Italy are small, usually less then 12 acres and are usually privately owned. Terracing is a popular farming
method considering that most of northern Italy is mountainous so this maximizes arriable farm land. Throughout the
country you can see vineyards that cover many country hillsides, as grapes are Italy's most valuable crop and are mostly
used to make wine. Italy also produces olives that are used to make olive oil and have become a valuable export. Italy is
one of the world's largest producers of sugar beets, and produces more then half of the worlds artichokes. Other fruits grown
in the country are oranges, peaches, apples, tomatoes and potatoes.
The Po Valley is the richest agricultural region of the country.
It is also a principal area for livestock and dairy farming. Some of the areas main crops are grains, grapes, olives
and sugar beets.
The northern part of Italy such as Lombardia, Piemonte and Valle
d'Aosta specialize in producing cereals,cheese, fruit, vegetables and flowers. The central part if Italy such as Marche,
Abruzzi, and Tuncany mostly produce crops such as olives and oil, cereals,grapes, fruit and animals such as cattle, sheep
and pigs. And the southern part of the country such as in Sicily, Calabria, and Campania extensively farm cattle, sheep,
and cereals while some more active farms specialize in orchards, citrus fruits and flowers.
The manufacturing industry in Italy accounts for one quarter of it's GDP (Gros Domestic Product) and employs
one quarter of it's work force. Clothing and shoes are the leading type of manufacturing goods in the country, but it also
produces foods, motor vehicles, petroleum products and chemicals. Most of the manufacturing takes place in Italy's north west
in a traingle formed by the three major cities of Milan, Turin, and Genoa. The Italian Government used to have control
over many large manufacturing companies such as steel mills, and shipyards, but in 1990 it sold most of these companies to
The service industry in Italy accounts for two thirds of the countries G.D.P. Three of the
leading service industry groups are trade, resturants and hotels. Buisnesses benefit from Italy's reputation as a centre
for fashion, good food and natural historic beauty. Another part of the service indusry is government services
which include public administration and military activities. The establishment of schools, data, processing centers,
law firms and health care are also accountable in Italy's service industry. The country also happens to have a
national health plan that provides low-cost medical care to all of it's people.
Italy has a very small deposit of minerals and relies heavily on imports. Most of the deposits that
they do have are found on Sicily and Sardinia and in Tuscany, Lomvardy and Piedmont. The most valuable product mined
is natural gas from the Po Valley which also produces a lot of marble and granite. Other minerals found in Italy are
feldspar, pumice and sulfur.